An investigation of per capita income

The second began with the neoclassical Solow model, which contained the thinking that growth reflected technical progress and key inputs, labour and capital. This is the endogenous growth theory. These non-sovereign entities, former countries and other special groupings are in italics.

A vector error correction model is a restricted VAR Vector auto- regression that has co-integration restriction built into the specification so that it is designed for use with non-stationary series that are identified to be co-integrated.

Also, it is estimated that six states, including West BengalTamil NaduGujaratMaharashtraKarnatakaKeralaTelanganaand Punjab will have more than half of their total population living in Urban areas by Some of these conditions include macroeconomic stability, fiscal discipline, strong and liquid financial system, minimal interest rate differential, flexible exchange rate management policy, robust external reserves, and fast growing GDP.

Such calculations are prepared by various organizations, including the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. This indicates that the unit root test has effectively screened the time series variables to achieve stationarity when compared with DW statistics 1.

It explains the poor growth performance of developing economies, especially the sub-Sahara Africa, and explained why the advanced countries have been getting richer.

In aggregate, they explained significantly the variations in the economic growth nexus in Nigeria. Section one which precedes four other sections introduces the study. In the literature, ample evidence found across continents indicates that aid to developing countries is inefficient in boosting economic growth.

The speed implies that 16 per cent of any disequilibrium in the economic growth process is corrected within a lag one year in this study. From tothere were on average 41, hospitalisations each year of 0—14 year olds for medical conditions with a social gradient and on average 8, hospitalisations per year for injury with a social gradient.

Through trade, they have generated substantial revenues that have contributed to their lifting hundreds of millions of their citizens out of poverty. As estimates and assumptions have to be made, the results produced by different organizations for the same country are not hard facts and tend to differ, sometimes substantially, so they should be used with caution.

This approach is preferred to traditional correlation method that measures only the linear relationship which does not necessarily imply causation or direction in any meaningful word Zellner, [31] and Granger, [11]. Government excessive fiscal deficit and inflation with inverse relations are confirmed to be impediment to achievement of sustainable economic growth in Nigeria in the long run.

Many observers and scholars have opined on whether or not aid has in effect helped developing countries achieve economic growth, which is a necessary—but not a sufficient—condition to successfully alleviate the scourges of poverty.

List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita

The main reason for rural India's poor performance in terms of income is the fact that rural India is mostly dependent on agriculture. Note that the Irish GDP data below is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. More than half of the refugees from Pakistan settled in urban areas such as Delhi.

I have no problems with disability. Another major problem is the element of fiscal dominance. The second baseline model bmod2, hereafter is described by 3 and 4.

Estimation Technique and Procedure The study applied modern econometric analytical techniques namely - Co-integration, unit root test, Error correction mechanism ECM and Granger causality test for the data analysis, with time series secondary data obtained from CBN Statistical Bulletin, [5] and Annual Reports and Statement of Accounts [4] for the purpose of arriving at a dependable and unbiased analysis.

Data sources and methods

In other words it is not only factor accumulation that drives growth but also efforts to utilize them. The first wave is associated with the work of Sir F.

Income in India

Strategies for poverty eradication in addition to prudential and effective management of government expenditure can also lead to increased savings specifically through the oil revenue. Benin Social Science Series for Africa.

Since no single definition of the term developing country is recognized internationally, the levels of development may vary widely within so-called developing countries. Reversing this trend, therefore, requires, finding innovations to raise total productivity, which in turn requires laying out proper conditions for thriving entrepreneurship in Schumpeterian sense, and increased foreign direct investment FDI in order to bring about structural changes in the economy.

It is said to be good for growth as to squeeze out more output from a given input and that is what efficiency is about.

Children who live in households with low family income can experience lifelong damage, with proven effects on health, nutrition, brain development and educational attainment.

In accordance to this new growth theory, economic growth is determined by high level of savings and investments, economic efficiency, appropriate economic system and sound economic policy, among others, Romer [26].Based on its annual GNI per capita, every economy is classified as low-income, middle income (lower and upper middle income) or high income.

creating an international investigation which will allow for a wide standardized collection of microbiological and clinical data on neonatal and childhood infections.


Introduction: Dairy development in Asia. Nancy Morgan Livestock Policy Officer FAO Regional Office, Bangkok. Asia remains one of the most diverse regions in the world in terms of economic growth, changing food consumption preferences and relative availability of resources, both.

Our investigation of the impacts of aid and intraregional trade on per capita income is articulated around two baseline models that include two equations each.

The first baseline model (bmod1, hereafter)—which is the main model—includes (1) and (2). An investigation on the role of institutions for income and growth models.

Flávio Vilela This work evaluates the role of institutions on per capita income levels (cross-section) and growth models (panel data). develops a theoretical and empirical investigation on the contribution of government spending to growth considering not only.

Per capita income Definition The total national income divided by the number of people in the nation Another definion Per capita income means how much each individual receives, in monetary terms, of the yearly income generated in the country.

Estimated per capita income in $26, (it was $20, in ) Wichita city income, earnings, and wages data Estimated median house or condo value in $, (it was $75, in ).

An investigation of per capita income
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