The study also produced a further problem when the research was carried out in different countries revealing a great difference in the four types of attachment witnessed in her strange situation. They determined the necessary changes in social services and their Essay on harlow and ainsworth, such as children care, education in orphanages and schools.
It is fair to say that both researchers had their work criticised to some extent by the scientific community at large. They both brought evidence and answers about what is the attachment, how it appears and much more.
His observations were conducted entirely within the seemingly harsh surroundings metered through the laboratory environment, which differed in comparison to the research conducted by Ainsworth through her responses to sensitivity. Some aspects of the experiment did not fit on some Asian cultures.
There are some variables that are missing such gender or attachment without separation of the mother. Even though they both had their different techniques in carrying out their experiments, the conclusion of their findings was very similar and this essay will be showing these findings by contrast.
Page 3 personal identifier: How to Write a Summary of an Article?
This behavior is common to all cultures. Subsequently he realised the fuss was being made from the extraction of the soft sanitary towels that were used in lining their cages. Monkeys though forming a complex hierarchical society are not deemed to be as complex as humans, as such the responses to various stimuli employed by Harlow in his experiments could be deemed as being easier to interpret.
Salter Ainsworth, object Relations, Dependency, and Attachment: Harlow constructed two surrogate mothers for these babies to show affection or need.
Later in as she moved to Uganda for two years, she used that opportunity to study the relationships between mother and child among families.
Even though both Harlow and Ainsworth chose a different approach to their research, they met with some similarities. C On completion of the procedure in the highly controlled environment which limited the amount of emotional upset to the child on encountering and being left alone with the stranger that was constructed in one of the episodes Ainsworth identified four different types of attachment in the infants used in the observation.
Kind of shows you how attachment theory has changed our thinking in the last 50 or so years.
Is it something that we born with, like kind of pre-programmed behaviour or is it a something that we learn during our development?
Like Ainsworth Harlow carried out further experiments to strengthen the theory of a safe base now that contact comfort was established. The experiment involved three people, the mother, infant and a stranger.
Whilst living in Uganda, Ainsworth observed a number of families with unweaned babies, and noticed that the more responsive the mothers were to the signals of the infant, the less the infant cried and the more confident the infant was, conversely the less responsive mothers were to signals the more the baby cried discovering psychology p.
In a very similar direction we found a important contribution by John Bowlby research, proposition that human infants possess inbuilt or innate tendencies to form emotionally and bound to caregivers Bowlby, Ainsworth work According to the definition, attachment is a strong emotional bond that connects two people tight.
Anyway, on to the theory!
With original observations on young animals. The attachment does not have to be mutual. One of the wire mothers had a bottle to feed the baby and other, had no bottle, but it was covered on terry-cloth. By using two made wire models mothers.
This situation did not arise in the research conducted by Harlow, as all the monkeys had been raised in captivity which in itself ensured a more general set of expected patterns of behaviour.
Page 3 personal identifier: Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth: Coupled with this was the further factor concerning ethical issues, as it would have undoubtedly raised serious concerns had he chose to conduct his experiments on human infants.
Harlow observed how important was the bound made by the monkey baby on both surrogate mothers, Babies used the wired with bottle to feed only but the one covered on terry-cloth provided the emotional bound and further on the experiments, the terry-cloth provided confidence and security.
Was it due to the carer providing for their emotional and physical needs or was it more deep-seated, in that infants were more inclined to seek attachment to stimulus that met their needs, such as warmth, and softness as suggested through the researches of Bowlby discovering psychology p.Essay on Harlow and Ainsworth Compare and contrast research by Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth on understanding attachment Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth undertook studies aimed at providing a clearer insight into the processes associated with attachment.
Keywords: harry harlow and mary ainsworth, compare harlow ainsworth Attachment refers to the early relationships of caregivers, usually mothers, to infants and the manner in which such early care giving relationships foster development in infants (Senior, ).
Compare and contrast research by Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth on understanding attachment Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth undertook studies aimed at providing a clearer insight into the processes associated with attachment.
As such, this paper will compare and contrast the work of Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth on understanding attachment. As mentioned in the above introduction, there are many similarities and difference between the work of Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth.
Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth shared a common interest in attachment. Although their work is different and how they went about doing their experiments there were similarities between the pair as both of them did studies to see how attachment presented itself in different individuals.
Essay on Harlow and Ainsworth Compare and contrast research by Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth on understanding attachment Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth undertook studies aimed at providing a clearer insight into the processes associated with attachment.Download